The ancient city was inhabited by the Etruscans, rich and important, and made use of the maritime trade through the port of Montalto. The Romans conquered it in the third century. B.C. and marked a road that was named Clodia.
Over time, the city revived, and the town began to expand on the current plateau, but already it was conquered by the Lombards in 574 during the descent to Rome. Charlemagne conquered it in 774 and gave it to the Church took over the control.
Nevertheless Tuscania was repeatedly threatened by the families of tyrants who were fighting the various feuds and why you chose was a free commune.
During the fifteenth century. The card.Giovanni Vitelleschi, hired by the Holy See to restore order on their territory and possession, captured the great walls and finally drove the tyrants.
During successive invasions and subsequent destruction, the city lost many beauties, but the coup de grace came in 1971, when a violent earthquake destroyed many houses, churches and buildings importanti.Tutto has been reconstructed with great care, but inevitably the face of the city undergone profound changes.
But are countless testimonies: the Etruscan necropolis, the medieval center and the large external walls miraculously still standing.
For those who have never been in Tuscania is a must for a walk in the ancient city within the walls.
Among the things to see
Church of St. Peter the Lombard Romanesque style is the most important monument of the city and probably one of the most beautiful in Italy. It was erected in the eighth century. and subsequently amended. The facade has three portals and full of finely crafted decorations including cosmatesque the central portal and the rose window with the symbols of the 4 evangelists. The interior is impressive with three naves supported by Roman columns with raised presbytery, Byzantine frescoes of the twelfth century., Cosmati floor, sarcophagi, and a crypt with wonderful vaulted ceilings supported by 28 marble columns taken from ancient Roman buildings.
Church of St. Mary Major, an old church built in the eighth century. and altered over the centuries. The richness of detail in particular the impressive fourteenth century fresco of the "Last Judgement" of the church make a grand monument.
Town Hall, the building was built in the seventeenth century. and later restructured, frescoes inside are visible from various eras. Church of St. Mark, is one of the oldest in the city. Church of Santa Croce, the church was used as a historical archive. Cathedral, an imposing building built in the sixteenth century by card.Gambara., Inside houses important works. Church of St. Mary's Rest, is probably one of the most interesting, inside houses works by important artists, including a table of groundbait.
Archaeological Museum, set in 1984 at the former Franciscan convent houses interesting exhibits in the halls of the noble families funeral Curunas Vipinana and (IV-III century. AC) ..
Museum of Sacred Art, For visits please contact the parish priest in the Cathedral Church of St. Mary of the Rose, although it has undergone continuous interventions, still its the its austere and mysterious. The Etruscan Necropolis, were found in the surrounding countryside necropolis with some important tombs, including the famous tomb of the Queen, the particular maze. Other tombs belonging to the family more important, the Curunas, have retained an archaeological heritage of inestimable value, but many treasures dating back to more distant periods have been stolen by grave robbers who for centuries have dug up and robbed.